South Sea Pearls

2/22/2022 01:46 Read 22 views

The South Sea pearls are produced in the South Pacific Ocean, in the northwestern part of Australia, Indonesia and the Philippines. Because of the abundance of Australia, it is generally called Australian South Sea pearls. The mother shell of South Sea pearls is white butterfly shell, the largest individual, the general diameter of South Sea pearls is 10-15MM, the largest can be seen in 18MM, the largest South Sea pearls in history is 21MM in diameter.


South Sea pearls Abbreviation: South Sea beads Origin: Australia, Indonesia, Philippines.

1,Introduction of South Sea pearls

Introduction of South Sea pearls


The most valuable pearl is the South Sea pearl, which is unparalleled in color and size. The colors are silvery white, pink, silver, gold, light gold and rose red. Many people with great taste are attracted to them.

South Sea beads are produced from a unique shell

This shell is much larger than the shells used to cultivate the Ocaia and Freshwater pearls, and therefore the pearls it produces are also much larger. Because of its rarity and sensitivity, the cultivation of these pearls is much more difficult and thus they are very expensive, and generally the South Seas pearls can only be caught by the sea, which is a limited resource, and the cultivation cycle is long and difficult, so its production has not been able to go up. The search for a perfect South Sea pearl is like the pursuit of a difficult dream that requires a lot of hard work.

King of pearls

The South Sea pearl is the king of pearls, both in terms of preciousness and price. Its market price is 2-3 times higher than that of Tahitian pearls! In 1993, a string of Australian South Sea pearls sold for a world record of $2.25 million at auction in New York.

2,South Sea pearl prices

South Sea pearl prices

The price of South Sea pearls, if compared with diamonds, should be considered quite cheap. 1993 years ago in Hong Kong market, the price of golden pearls, the price is still relatively smooth and low, more high-quality small particles of golden pearls for 9 to 14mm, each about 300 to 800 U.S. dollars, 130 to 200 U.S. dollars per gram. Now the price of South Sea golden pearls has risen to $400 to $600 per gram. In the case of larger grain golden pearls, such as 15mm or more round golden pearls it is difficult to put forward a standard market price, this is due to the reason that such high quality golden pearls are too scarce.

3,How to choose South Sea pearls

How to choose South Sea pearls

When choosing a South Sea pearl, the most important thing is that you must trust your own senses and judgment, because you are choosing a treasure that was conceived by a living creature. Like humans, each South Sea pearl has its own unique temperament, and it is a very personal choice to give as a gift for your own use, so when choosing South Sea pearls, judge them by your own eyes, and the most beautiful is the best choice.

Pearls Size

Pearls Size

The larger the South Sea pearl, the rarer it is, and the Australian South Sea pearl is the largest in the world, ranging from a minimum diameter of 8 mm to a maximum diameter of 18 mm. Such large and magnificent pearls can only be cultivated in the high quality waters of the Southern Ocean.

Pearls Shape

Pearls Shape


South Sea pearls are available in two series of shapes: "traditional round" and "baroque variants". Flawlessly round South Sea pearls are the rarest and most precious. In addition to the round pearls, other shapes such as the modern ringed pearls, the unique and sensual pendant beads and the imaginative baroque variants make the design of pearl jewelry endlessly varied.

Pearls Colors

Pearls Colors


South Sea pearls come in a range of different natural colors, and the choice of color is a matter of personal preference, as you can choose your favorite color to show your individual color. Generally speaking, people are attracted to the traditional silvery white and radiant gold Nanyang pearls, and even more so to the rare red and white Nanyang pearls produced in the clear and pure northwest waters of Australia. While the different colors do not detract from the value of the South Sea pearl, the rarity of the color directly affects the price of the pearl.

Pearls Luster

Pearls Luster


The distinctive luster reflected from the surface of a South Sea pearl, together with the attractive luster that emanates from the inside, is the first factor that determines its value. The luster of a South Sea pearl can be as bright as a jump or as soft and elegant as there is a luster in the entire collection to match the unique beauty, mood and personality of the wearer, depending on how well the natural luster and subjective judgment of the buyer are blended. The luster of a South Sea bead is natural and should not be altered or enhanced by any artificial means.

Pearls Clarity

Pearls Clarity


The smaller the imperfection of a Nanyang pearl, the higher the value. Because the beads come from natural mussels in the sea, nature often leaves its mark on the beads. On average, only one in every million mussels has the chance to produce a flawless Nanyang pearl. The mark on a South Sea pearl gives each pearl a unique character and adds personality.

4,How to care for South Sea pearls

How to care for South Sea pearls

South Sea pearl jewelry is very popular with beauty lovers, especially because the smoothness and brilliance of the pearls is the most attractive part. But the maintenance of South Sea pearl jewelry is very important. If you do not pay attention to maintenance will make the pearls discolor and lose their original luster. How to maintain the South Sea pearls?

When wearing pearl jewelry must not be dust and dirt in and out of the environment, the pearl contact with dust and dirt for a long time will be attached to the surface of the dirty things to lose luster, the color will also become dark.

When wearing pearl jewelry should be careful not to let the pearl jewelry contact with acidic and alkaline things, such as vinegar, washing powder, etc., acidic and alkaline will corrode the surface of the pearl, prompting the surface of the pearl to peel off the color.

When washing dishes or moving things, you should take off the pearl jewelry, so as not to let hard objects or blades bump into the pearl jewelry when washing dishes or moving things, so that the surface layer of the pearl is scratched, delaminated and damaged pearls.

In the bath, wash your face, wash your hair, especially in the bath and wash your hair, because the bath and wash your hair with hot water, avoid letting the pearl contact with hot water, to pull down the pearl jewelry and then wash. After the pearls come into contact with hot water, the surface layer of the pearls will soften, which will cause the surface layer to fall off.

Wearing pearl jewelry parts to remember not to apply cosmetics, perfume and other cosmetics containing chemical ingredients, pearls long exposure to these chemicals will erode the surface layer of the pearl, making it discoloration, darkening or even delamination.

When wearing pearl jewelry should be regularly wiped with a soft cotton cloth to avoid spoils attached to the surface of the pearl to make its color darkened, old pearl jewelry if not worn for a long time, take off with a weak acidic cleaner with a cotton cloth scrub, and then dry and then velvet wrapped after storage. Be careful not to expose them to the sun when you store them, just put them in a cool, dry place.

5,Difference between South Sea pearls and Japanese pearls

Difference between South Sea pearls and Japanese pearls

What is the difference between South Sea pearls and Japanese pearls, and what are their commonalities? Literally, the difference between South Sea pearls and Japanese pearls is the difference in the origin of the pearls. Japan is known to everyone, and South Sea pearls are meant to be found around the Pacific Ocean.

To know what is the difference between South Sea pearls and Japanese pearls, first understand the origin of these 2 types of pearls introduced.

People often hear about Japanese Akoya pearls, but properly speaking, Japanese pearls are not the same as Japanese Akoya pearls, Japanese pearls actually have freshwater pearls and saltwater pearls, but only Japanese saltwater pearls are called Japanese AKOYA pearls (Akoya Pearls). Japan's freshwater pearls, freshwater pearls are called biwa pearls, because Japan's largest lake is Lake Biwa, the quality of the beads in the past is quite high, but recently the water quality of this lake is very polluted, and because of the impact of the Chinese freshwater pearl pearl market, so the production of biwa beads nearly stopped, and now China has become a major producer of freshwater pearls, Japan also has a large number of imports of Chinese freshwater pearls. The origin of Japanese pearls is mainly the Seto Inland Sea around Mie, Yuhon and Ehime prefectures.

Almost all South Sea pearls are saltwater pearls, and are produced in the South Pacific region, including Australia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and French Polynesia. In addition to the highly valued South Seas white pearls, the most unusual and popular pearls are the golden South Seas pearls and the Tahitian pearls (also known as black or black South Seas pearls).

Almost all Japanese pearls sold in China today are Japanese saltwater pearls, and since South Sea pearls are also cultivated in seawater, they are all saltwater pearls in terms of their cultured environment. Because of the difference between cultured saltwater and freshwater pearls, most Japanese saltwater and South Sea pearls are very square and round, rounder and more valuable than freshwater pearls, and cater more to the high-end jewelry consumer market.

The mother-of-pearl in Japanese pearls is mainly Ma's shells, which are generally cultured for 3-4 years, while the mother-of-pearl in South Sea pearls is mainly gold-lipped shells, white butterfly shells and black butterfly shells, which are larger than Ma's shells and can raise larger pearls, which take longer to culture, at least 5-6 years. Therefore the difference between South Sea pearls and Japanese pearls first lies in the difference in the size of the pearls, generally Japanese pearls are generally in the range of grain size between 7-9mm, South Sea pearls are generally above 9mm in grain size, and those that reach 13mm or more belong to the rare collection level and have a higher value.

Due to the difference in size, Japanese saltwater pearls are generally more popular as a pearl necklace design, and because of their cultured environment and technology, high quality Japanese saltwater pearls look and feel moist and bright on any woman. South Sea pearls, on the other hand, are considered to be the queen of jewelry and are larger in diameter, so they are generally used as pearl pendants, earrings, and ring jewelry in practice. Of course, it is very rare and valuable to be able to match a string of South Sea pearls of the same color and luster into a necklace! The lady who can wear them is a rich man or woman, showing off her worth!

In addition to the size, the difference between South Sea pearls and Japanese pearls is also the color, Japanese pearls are generally white, commonly with a halo of pink color, South Sea pearls, in addition to the holy and elegant white, there is a rich aristocratic gold, and mysterious and charming black (Tahitian pearls). The value of South Sea pearls is several times or even a dozen times higher than that of Japanese pearls. In terms of skin, Japanese saltwater pearls are often seen with slight growth texture flaws, even the highest quality ones are not completely free of them, which is a normal part of the pearl's naturalness, so there is no need to pick out the bones. South Sea pearls of good quality have a relatively smooth surface, with very slight flaws that are barely even noticeable. Therefore, to distinguish between South Sea pearls and Japanese pearls, you can judge from a combination of diameter size, color, and epidermis. Of course regular businesses are generally strictly marked with the variety of pearls to help consumers differentiate between the purchase.

6,The best of pearls: Australian South Sea pearls

The best of pearls: Australian South Sea pearls

The roundness, purity, size, innate natural beauty and dazzling silvery-white luster of Australian South Sea pearls exhibit unparalleled elegance and romance, making them one of the most sought-after pearls in the world. More than half of the annual production of Australian South Sea pearls goes to Japan, the number one pearl country, and most of the rest goes to Europe and the United States. Australian South Sea pearls are only produced in a very small part of the northwestern coast of Australia. The area is sparsely populated, with pure water, good water temperature, open bays and rare typhoons, and the excellent water environment is very favorable for the life of white butterfly shells (PlnctadaMaximaOyster, also known as large pearl shells), which produce the highest quality pearls. These natural conditions, combined with the superior technology of Japan, the leader in pearl farming, guarantee the high quality of Australian South Sea pearls. The small pearls (six to eight millimeters in diameter) that are commonly found in China are usually hatched and cultivated by hand.

White butterfly shells can only be harvested from the sea.

Australian South Sea pearls are produced from white butterfly shells, which can only be harvested from the sea.

Development of the Australian pearl industry

Due to the limited natural resources, Australian South Sea pearls are very precious and the Australian government, which attaches great importance to ecological balance, has set a very small limit on the amount of white butterfly shells harvested each year and strict regulations, with heavy fines and revocation of licenses for violators, so that pearl farming companies do not dare to cross the threshold, but also to ensure the high market value of Australian South Sea pearls and the smooth development of the Australian pearl industry.

Six-year culture period

Six-year culture period


The pure, microbial-rich waters and calm bays ensure that the pearl shells placed on the sea floor live a healthy life for at least six years, and that the surface of the Australian South Sea pearl is round and smooth and free of impurities. Its dazzling silvery-white color makes it stand out from the rest of the crowd in a grand and glamorous setting. What is particularly special is that its silvery light is topped by a shimmering layer of colored light, beautiful and mysterious. Australian South Sea pearls are generally ten millimeters in diameter, with larger ones reaching sixteen millimeters. Since each pearl is cultured for more than two years, the pearls are guaranteed to have a thicker layer of pearls, so that the layer is not so thin and easily peeled off, as is the case with some merchants who are in a hurry to get the pearls for a few months.

Pearls Color selection

Pearls Color selection


It is worth mentioning that the beautiful luster of Australian South Sea pearls is natural and does not depend on artificial processing of bleaching and dyeing like other pearls, so there is no risk of "old pearls" due to the deterioration of bleaching agents. This is what makes it so valuable. The cultured mother-of-pearl of the South Sea pearl is hermaphroditic, which means that they can change sex when they need to; white butterfly shells can be male for 6 to 8 years and then change to female. 30% to 40% of mother-of-pearl shells can make this transition. During the summer, when water temperatures rise to about 29'C on the northwestern coast of Australia, white butterfly shells begin to ovulate and reproduce. The sperm excreted by the male and the daughts excreted by the female meet in the water and complete fertilization. The hatchlings grow in eight hours and spend the next three weeks drifting in the tide before becoming juvenile mussels and sinking to the bottom.

At this stage, they already have two tiny thin shells. Juvenile shells can drift around until they come across some suitable object, such as coral, shells or stones, and then attach themselves to them with their foot filaments, which can grow to 35 to 80 mm in the first year. In the second year, they can grow to muscle to 140 mm. In the third year, they mature and grow to 170 to 200 mm. Mother-of-pearl shells can live up to 20 years, and individually can live longer.

Mother-of-pearl requires flowing seawater to bring organic particles to it, which they can filter and feed through their system. Mother-of-pearl can be found at depths ranging from shallow, exposed water at low tide to the edge of the continental shelf at a depth of 80 meters, but they are most attracted to sandy or gravelly bottoms. Their great enemies are octopuses and stingrays. There are also certain oil snails that prey on prepared species of shellfish, including mother-of-pearl. In recent centuries, humans have joined in the predation of mother-of-pearl shells. Typhoons can cause tremendous damage to shellfish on shallow seabeds. These mother-of-pearl shells are also affected by anomalous climates or currents. They are very sensitive to changes in temperature and location.

When they are pumped and moved from one place to another by divers, they actually go into shock and can be infected by certain bacteria or viruses. The pearl culture watch has to constantly check the salinity of the sea water, the effect of the tides and measure the water temperature to provide the best living and feeding conditions for their mother-of-pearl.

At the same time, care should be taken to avoid them being overly dense. When mother-of-pearl mussels reach three to four years of age, they are ready for bead implantation. The key to successful bead implantation is the implantation of a small piece of outer membrane taken from another mother-of-pearl. The implantation is done by carefully selecting the sacrifice from the best mother-of-pearl shells in order to obtain the coat. Of course, the mother-of-pearl receiving the implant should be healthy and have a good luster. The mother-of-pearl is carefully opened with wedges and pliers, a small incision is made in the soft tissue area near the gonads, the nucleus (a small ball made from shell grinding) is inserted into the incision date near the gonads along with a small piece of 4-5 mm2 of outer membrane, and the mother-of-pearl is placed in the mouth water. Once the wound heals, it begins to cover the nucleus with a pearly layer. It takes two to three years to raise a pearl.

Australian South Sea pearls have a pearl layer that is 2 mm thick, 60 to 100 times thicker than Japanese pearls. After some time, the mother of pearl that has been implanted is lifted up and checked with dimming to see if the implanted nucleus is accepted by the shell. Those that are rejected are put back into the sea to wait for the next year's implantation operation. The successfully implanted ones are carefully taken care of, including regular removal of algae growths by machine and by hand to keep them healthy.

Bead implantation condition

Bead implantation condition


The highest success rate of bead implantation is only 83% despite careful care. This depends on the skill of the planters. Only a small number of mother shells can produce truly valuable round pearls. Others produce only lower quality pearls or misshapen pearls called "shaped pearls". Some produce nothing at all. Of course it is possible to get a dazzlingly beautiful pearl - a hundred-year old pearl worth more than the sum of all the harvests. Even with all the skill and care, cultured pearls still require a lot of luck. mabe (half) pearlsAustralian South African pearls are divided into two categories: spherical pearls and mabe pearls. Mabe pearls are more attractive to newcomers who already find spherical pearls too common and old-fashioned.

These half pearls, which have become popular in the world jewelry market, are not only the pets of ladies and noblewomen, but also the unique and elegant men's jewelry pieces created with Mabe pearls, which are also popular with gentlemen. As with many terms used in the pearl farming industry, the term "Mabe" comes from Japan, which has been a leader in the industry for many years. The nucleus is placed on the inner wall of a dry white pearl shell, and over time, the pearl layer envelops the nucleus layer by layer. Mabe pearls are cultured at the end of the pearl shell's life. Each pair of pearls can be cultured with up to seven half-pearls. Prior to this, two spherical pearls are produced.

The quality of Australian South Sea Mabe pearls is very high, characterized by their large size, excellent light translation, pure silvery white color and smooth surface. The smallest are 10 mm and the largest up to 17 mm. Available in round, teardrop, oval and heart shapes to meet different requirements, the Australian South Seas Mabe pearls are characterized by a smooth pearl shell inner case attached to the bottom.


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